Energy self-sufficient, environmentally friendly sauna system based on hybrid heat and steam storage system
This innovative energy concept allows sauna systems to be operated completely autonomously – both in summer and winter. A hybrid storage system consisting of pressurized water or steam tanks serves as an intermediate storage of solar energy – a climate-neutral, self-sustaining and durable sauna system can thus be realized without a stove.
It is well known that the operation of a sauna consumes a lot of energy to produce steam and heat. In conventional saunas, energy efficiency is usually increased by improved thermal insulation and/or more efficient sauna heaters. This helps reduce the amount of energy required for sauna operation. However, the electricity still needed to run the sauna is largely provided by conventional power plants using fossil fuels. And this form of power generation is harmful to the climate.
Another approach is to use renewable energy sources. However, these alternatives are subject to temporal fluctuations, with electricity from renewable energy sources usually not available or not sufficiently available during the operation of the sauna system. Using electrical energy storage systems such as batteries would also not help solve the problem, as they are cost-intensive and neither particularly sustainable nor environmentally friendly. In addition, the combination of energy conversion in the photovoltaic module, then storage in a battery and finally conversion into heat would result in lower overall efficiency compared to a thermal energy storage solution.
Scientists at the University of Stuttgart have now developed an innovative operating concept for a sauna system that avoids the current disadvantages. It thus actually allows for sustainable and environmentally friendly sauna operation that is self-sufficient, especially in terms of energy. The essential core of this technology is a pressurized water tank used as energy storage system, which is thermally charged via solar thermal vacuum collectors. Within the energy storage system, the heated water (now storage fluid) occupies the proportionally largest volume, above which is a saturated vapor phase in equilibrium with the liquid phase. From this phase, steam can be taken by means of piping and released into the sauna cabin at any point, anytime. For thermal heating of the cabin air, water is taken from the heated, liquid phase of the energy storage system and fed into a heat exchanger integrated into the wall. Cold sauna room air is led upwards from below through the counterflow heat exchanger. It heats during the process and, after passing through the heat exchanger, enters the sauna room again to heat it up to the desired temperature. Electricity required to control the system and pump operation is provided by a photovoltaic system in combination with a small-capacity battery.
- Energy self-sufficient and efficient
- Environmentally friendly, climate-neutral and durable
- Pressurized water tank as energy storage system, which compensates for fluctuations in solar energy and stores and accumulates solar energy Sauna operation at any time of the day or night, in summer and winter, regardless of current solar irradiation
- Easy to generate and maintain high temperatures and steam quantities ("Finnish sauna")
- No sauna heater required
- Design as "sauna world":
- Steam can enter into cabin from anywhere, at any time. Possible to use design elements, such as sculptures, illuminated water columns, for steam entry.
Fields of application
Operation of an energy self-sufficient and environmentally friendly sauna, whereby the energy required for the generation of heat and steam is provided by renewable energy sources. The sauna system is equipped with an energy storage system which accumulates and stores the energy provided by renewable energy sources at staggered intervals. It is thus possible to provide high quantities of heat and steam at any time for the treatment of the cabin air. This also applies in particular to Finnish saunas.